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The Legal Consequences of Public Fighting


Street fighting, barroom brawls, and throwing a punch at a guy who steals your parking space. In the movies, these things never seem like a big deal. The worst thing that ever seems to happen to the characters who are involved in public fighting is that they spend a few hours in jail.

Sadly, real-life doesn’t mirror the movies. California has public fighting laws. If you’re busted for public fighting in California, you’ll face serious consequences.

What is Public Fighting?

California considers public fighting to be a disturbing the peace crime. The issue is addressed in the Penal Code 415. When you read PC 415 you’ll discover that it doesn’t take much for an officer to decide that you’re in violation of the law.

PC 415 states that you can be charged with disturbing the peace if you’ve:

  • Challenged another person to a fight while in a public place
  • If you get into a fight with a person while in a public place
  • If you’ve deliberately and maliciously used a loud noise to disturb someone
  • If you’re caught using malicious language or words that are designed to hurt or provoke someone while you were in a public place

What Happens When the Police Knock on Your Door


There is nothing quite as gut-wrenching as opening your front door and finding the police standing on the other side. They never bring good news.

Experiencing a moment of panic and indecision when they ask to be let in is perfectly natural. Questions that will likely run through your mind at this point include:

  • Do they need a search warrant?
  • Should you call a lawyer?
  • Do you have to let them in?
  • Should you shut the door without saying a word?

First, Stay Calm

No matter what happens, it’s in your best interest to stay calm. Losing your temper doesn’t do any good and it could actually make things much more difficult for them.

If They Don’t Have a Warrant

If the police don’t have a warrant, they can ask to search your home, but you don’t have to let them in. California law also prohibits the police from forcing their way into your home if they don’t have a warrant. However, if an officer knocks on your door and you open it enough for them to see something suspicious, say on the table behind you, they are allowed to seize the item without a warrant. Anything that is in plain view is basically fair game. That’s why so many lawyers recommend only opening the door a crack when the police knock.

As long as your polite and don’t do anything rash, the police can’t arrest you for denying them entry into your home when they’re unable to produce a warrant.

If They Have a Search Warrant

Police can’t get a search warrant just because they feel like going through your home. They have to be able to provide a judge with enough probable cause for the judge to justify issuing a search warrant.

If the police have a search warrant for your home, you are legally required to let them into your residence. What they can’t do is say they have a warrant and not show it to you. If they can’t produce the physical warrant, you don’t have to grant them access. The search warrant should include information about where the police are allowed to search.

Things the police can’t legally do without a warrant include:

  • Taking a DNA swab
  • Searching outbuildings
  • Going through your car

California’s Spay Neuter Laws and How They Impact You


Most of the people impacted by California’s spay/neuter laws barely noticed a change. The reason for this is because the vast majority of the people who are mentioned in the law were already spaying and neutering their pets.

Why California Created Spay/Neuter Pet Laws

California lawmakers realized that there was a major pet problem in the state. The lawmakers didn’t mind that lots of people owned loved and well cared for pets. They were concerned about the sheer number of pets that were running around the streets and rural areas that were homeless. Lawmakers decided that it was time to step up and force people to do something about their pets.

Rescues Have to Spay/Neuter Pets

Most rescues had a spay/neuter policy in place before the official passing of the law, but there were some exceptions. The law specifically requires that any pet that is adopted from an animal shelter must be spayed or neutered. If there is a medical reason why the pet isn’t spayed or neutered, such as being too young, before it’s sent to live in its new home, correct documentation must be provided and steps should have been taken to ensure that the pet will get spayed/neutered at the earliest possible time.

In extreme cases where an animal’s health is simply too poor for the animal to go through the surgery, the rescue will have to contact local lawmakers and document the pet’s health problems and the steps both the shelter and new owner plan on taking to make sure the pet doesn’t reproduce.

Breeders will have to contact a local government agency and find out how they can get their breeding animals excused from the law.

Los Angeles Spay/Neuter Laws

For more than 10 years, Los Angeles has had the toughest spay/neuter laws of any city in the USA. The city provided pet owners who owned an unsterilized pet with documentation of subsidized sterilization services and said the owner had two months to have the surgery performed, or to provide a vet certificate stating why the pet was exempt from the sterilization laws. If the pet owner failed to have their pet sterilized, they were charged $100 and required to provide 8 hours of community service. The second offense resulted in a $500 fine and 40 hours of community service.

California’s spay/neuter law is just one of the laws that pet owners need to be aware of before they introduce a new pet to their family.

Watering your California Lawn


All of us want the lush, gorgeous kind of lawn we see featured in landscaping ads and gardening magazines. Even with minimal landscaping, a beautiful, healthy lawn really showcases the home, giving it a great deal of curb appeal.

The problem many California homeowners encounter is that maintaining that stunning lawn takes a great deal of water. Using too much water on your lawn could create some serious legal headaches.

How Much Water Can You Use

There are some parts of the world where you can put as much water on your yard as you’d like. That’s not the situation in California. The entire state is always conscious of a potential water shortage. It’s something state and local lawmakers would like to avoid. Many places have limited the amount of water, the times, and even the places, you can water your California lawn.

It would be easy if you knew you could only water your lawn for an hour on odd days of the calendar month. That would be straightforward and easy to adhere to. The problem is that it’s not that straightforward. Each township/city has their own lawn watering rules. Further complicating the situation is that the rules can change from week to week depending on how much rain the area has received.

The best way to make sure you’re not accidentally violating one of the rules, it’s in your best interest to frequently check local government websites where any alterations to local ordinances about lawn watering will be listed. Violating the ordinances and overwatering your lawn will likely result in a citation and you’ll have to pay a fine.

New Restrictions Coming

All California residents need to review two recently passed California water laws that will eventually impact everyone living in California. The laws are Assembly Bill 1668 and Senate Bill 606. These Bills are designed to restrict the amount of water you use every single day. Starting in 2022 each person in your home will only be allowed to use 55 gallons of water per day. By 2030, the amount decreases to 50 gallons. Using too much water will result in additional penalties being added to your water bill.

It is fully expected that as some point in 2020, the California Department of Water Resources, will present lawmakers with a list of guidelines that also suggests restricting how much water each California property owner can use outside their home for purposes like washing vehicles and watering the lawn.

If lawmakers approve the California Department of Water Resources’ recommendations, it could make it harder for you to enjoy a stunning lawn.

California Gun Control Laws

California Gun Control Laws

California Gun Control Laws

Gun control is a very hot topic here in the United States, especially whenever a tragedy strikes. When these tragedies occur, everyone begins to reexamine the laws in the area to try and figure out if something could have been done to prevent it from ever occurring.

Here in the California, residents face some of the strictest gun control laws in the entire nation. The idea is to keep guns out of the hands of people who would hurt others with the firearms while still allowing law abiding citizens to possess them.

California’s Gun-Related Laws

The state of California literally has dozens of laws surrounding the topic of gun use and ownership. In order to own a gun, a person has to be over the age of 21, pass a background check, not have any certain prior convictions or felonies, and buy the gun and ammo from a licensed vendor. The following Penal Codes (PC) are some of the numerous gun control laws present here in the state of California.

  • PC 171c makes it a crime to bring a loaded firearm into a government building.
  • PC 171.5 makes it a crime to bring a loaded firearm into airports and passenger terminals.
  • PC 245a2 makes it illegal to assault someone with a firearm.
  • PC 246 makes it a crime to shoot a firearm at an inhabited building or vehicle.
  • PC 247b makes it a crime to shoot a firearm at an uninhabited building or vehicle.
  • PC 417 makes it illegal to brandish a weapon in a public place. This applies to all weapons, not just firearms.
  • PC 626.9 is California’s Gun-Free School Zone Act. This law prohibits anyone from possessing or discharging a firearm within 1,000 feet from a public or private school.
  • PC 12022 is a sentence modifier law that allows for additional consequences to be added to any felony punishment where the crime involved a firearm.
  • PC 16590 bans “generally prohibited weapons.”
  • PC 22610 lists who can legally own a stun gun, which is most people who haven’t been convicted of certain crimes.
  • PC 25400 makes it a crime to knowingly carry a concealed, loaded firearm.
  • PC 25850 makes it a crime to carry a loaded firearm in public.
  • PC 26150 allows the county sheriff to issue permits to carry a weapon that could be concealed on a person. Basically the permits allows a person to carry smaller fire arms. The person must prove they are of good moral character, they have a good reason for wanting the permit, they are a resident of that particular city, and have completed a prescribed firearm training.
  • PC 26155 allows heads of police departments to issue permits to carry a weapon that could be concealed on a person. Basically the permits allows a person to carry smaller fire arms. The person must prove they are of good moral character, they have a good reason for wanting the permit, they are a resident of that particular city, and have completed a prescribed firearm training.
  • PC 26500 makes it a misdemeanor to sell, lease, or transfer a firearm without a license to do so.
  • PC 26700 lists the requirements to become a licensed dealer of firearms.
  • PC 29800 prevents convicted felons, people convicted of specific misdemeanors, and people addicted to narcotics from owning a gun.
  • PC 29810 requires that anyone convicted of certain crimes relinquish their firearms to the authorities. This is for most felonies and includes a few misdemeanors as well.
  • PC 29900 makes it illegal for a person to own a gun if they committed or attempted to commit a violent offense.
  • PC 30315 makes it a crime to own armor piercing ammunition.
  • PC 30600 bans assault weapons and rifles.
  • PC 33410 makes it a felony to own a silencer.

Typically Broken Laws on Black Friday

Typically Broken Laws on Black Friday

Typically Broken Laws on Black Friday

Halloween has come and gone, and Thanksgiving is rapidly approaching. For some people, this means it is time to get ready for a feast. For others, it is time to prepare for their holiday shopping, and the biggest day for shopping falls on the Friday right after Thanksgiving.

Black Friday is filled with thousands of incredible deals on all kinds of items. If a person is looking to get something expensive, either for themselves or a loved one, Black Friday is typically the day to get that item. There is a pretty good chance it will be heavily marked down.

Unfortunately, all of these amazing deals are limited, and so Black Friday has a tendency to get crazy. Some people will do anything for a good deal, including harming their fellow shoppers, hurting and harassing store employees, and even damaging the store itself. Here in California, doing any of those things can get a person into legal trouble.

What Laws Are Usually Broken?

Despite the amazing and limited deals that are available on Black Friday, every shopper needs to be on their best behavior. If they cause too much commotion or trouble, they could very easily find themselves in trouble with the law.

The first law that a person can get into trouble with on Black Friday would be Penal Code (PC) 415. This is California’s disturbing the peace law. A person can break this law by doing one of three things:

  • Fighting, or challenging to fight, someone in a public place.
  • Maliciously disturbing a person with unreasonably loud noises.
  • Using offensive words to provoke a fight.

California Crosswalk Laws

San Jose Bail Bonds

California Crosswalk Laws

Pretty much every driver out there has had to deal with pedestrians crossing the street. Most of the time, pedestrians stick to the crosswalks, and follow the crossing signals. However, there are those out there that simply prefer to cross the street whenever they feel like it.

This is often referred to as jaywalking and is a very dangerous thing to do, especially if drivers aren’t expecting anyone to cross. Doing this can easily cause an accident, and depending on how things went down, either the driver or the pedestrian could be found responsible for the accident.

In order to avoid getting into trouble with the law, both drivers and pedestrians need to be aware of California’s laws regarding the simple act of crossing the street.

There Are a Lot of Them

The state of California has several different laws that apply to pedestrians and crossing the street. This article will focus on 10 of these laws. The following are all different aspects of pedestrian and vehicle interactions that can occur.

  • Vehicle Code (VC) 275 defines what counts as a crosswalk. A crosswalk is a portion of road that is painted with distinct white lines, or an intersection where the sidewalk could, through imagination, extend across the road.