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Nicotine Use on the Rise Amongst High Schoolers

Most adults have heard about vaping. It is the latest craze to sweep across the United States. Vaping, for those unaware, is advertised as a healthier way to smoke. Instead of a person inhaling smoke from burning tobacco, a person instead inhales vaporized liquids. The liquids can contain varying amounts of flavoring and nicotine. In theory, a smoker could use vaping as a way to wean themselves off of cigarettes by slowly reducing the nicotine they consume. However, this isn’t what usually happens, especially where teens are concerned.

A recent study performed by Monitoring the Future and published in the New England Journal of Medicine shows some alarming figures about teen use of vaping products. Over roughly 13,800 12th, 10th, and 8thgrade students from across the country were surveyed. The students were asked several questions, one being if they had used a vape product containing nicotine in the last 30 days.

The results were as follows:
  • 9% of 12thgraders admitted to using nicotine vape products, up from 11% in 2017.
  • 1% of 10thgraders admitted to using nicotine vape products, up from 8.2% in 2017.
  • 1% of 8thgraders admitted to using nicotine vape products, up from 3.5% in 2017.

In order to see if students may have consumed nicotine accidentally, the survey also asked if students had used vape products just for the flavoring.

When those results were combined with the previous ones, they totaled:
  • 25% of 12th
  • 3% of 10thgraders.
  • 7% of 8thgraders.

The study shows that vape products alone have surged in use amongst teens while every other form of nicotine product has declined in use. Researchers from Monitoring the Future, which is an organization that monitors legal and illicit drug use among teens in the US, stated that they have never seen a drug’s use and popularity explode like this before. This is quite a claim since the organization has been operating since 1975. The study also found that students who vaped were more likely to smoke real cigarettes and marijuana.

Nicotine is a highly addictive drug, which is why it is illegal for minors to consume any product containing it. This includes e-cigs and vaporizers. A person needs to be 21 or older to smoke or vape here in the state of California. Even then, the person needs to be careful where they use those products, because they are restricted in certain areas, such as schools.

No Parent Wants Their Child to Runaway

Any parent will admit that their relationship with their child can change on a day to day basis sometimes. There are times where everyone is getting along perfectly, and then there are times where arguments are more common than kind words. Thankfully, no matter what happens, even after the worst fights, there is still plenty of love to go around. After all, adults realize that just because people fight, doesn’t mean they don’t like each other anymore.

Sadly, this fact isn’t always clear to kids. A particularly bad fight, or other equally bad circumstances, can cause them to do something that parents wished only happened in their worst nightmares. Sometimes, when faced with problems that seem too big to be dealt with, kids will decide that running away from home is their only option. Not only is this a bad decisions for their health and safety, it can do a real number on their parent or guardian as well.

Why Do Kids Run Away and How to Help Avoid It

Kids run away either to seek freedom from rules and restrictions, which is a misguided thought, or to escape from a problem that is a very big deal to them. This problem could be something like the child is afraid of being punished for a failing grade, they are mad at some rule the parent has enacted, the child feels like a failure to their parents, or something of a similar nature. In some instances, a child runs away to force a parent to gain power in an argument with a parent.

If a parent wants to prevent their child from ever feeling like running away is a good way to deal with a problem, they need to help the child develop their problem solving skills. When the child is facing a problem, ask the questions about how they plan on solving the problem, and when they solve it successfully, acknowledge that success and give them praise.

Another thing that a parent should do is help ingrain the idea that they will always love their child, no matter how bad he or she may mess up. After all, there is nothing wrong with making a mistake. In most instances, the mistake can always be corrected with a bit of hard work. 

Signs of Potential Desire to Runaway

Unfortunately, there aren’t many signs that a child might be considering running away. Some of the few signs that can be seen include:
  • The child is hoarding money.
  • The child is being very secretive.
  • Valuable items are disappearing around the house.
  • The child is abusing substances.


Some of these signs can show a child is trying to come up with funds to support themselves when they run away. The substance abuse can lead to the running away so that the child can do whatever they want, whenever they want. 

When Can You Contact Law Enforcement

Many people out there believe that they have to wait 24 hours before they can contact the police about a missing child. However, that is not the case. The moment a parent realizes that their child is missing and cannot find him or her anywhere in the nearby facility, they should contact the police. Police officers take all kinds of missing persons cases seriously. They will start helping a parent of a missing child right away.

Do You Get Into Trouble for Allowing Runaways to Stay in Your Home?

This depends on the situation. If a person knowingly takes in a runaway child and helps him or her stay “missing,” then the person could get into serious trouble. This is sort of like aiding and a abetting a criminal. The state of California makes it a misdemeanor offense to harbor a runaway minor. This law is meant to help parents and guardians keep their child safe.

However, if a person was unaware of the fact that a child ran away when they let the child stay at their home, then they likely wouldn’t face criminal charges. This is especially true if the person contacted the parents, guardians, or police about the child.

This Nightmare Scenario Can be Avoided

A child running away is a parent’s worst nightmare. Pretty much all parents only want what is best for their child, and sometimes that doesn’t make the child happy. This can lead to them running away, which puts their safety at risk. That is why a parent should always contact the police right away when they realize that their child is missing.

While there are not always signs that a child might be considering running away from home, it can be prevented. A parent just needs to be there for their child, and teach him how to fix their problems. If a parent does that, and is always there for their child, their son or daughter may never feel like a problem is too big for them to handle.

It Is Never Okay to Drink and Drive

If you were to ask anyone if driving while drunk was a safe thing to do, they would tell you it is a very dangerous thing to do. In 2017, 29% of all driving fatalities were caused by drunk drivers. This amounted to nearly 11,000 deaths that could have easily been prevented. With all the advances in technology, getting a safe ride home has never been easier. There is never a reason to get behind the wheel of a vehicle while drunk.

Drunk driving is illegal in every single state in the US due to how dangerous it is. Getting caught while driving under the influence carries heavy penalties, especially for repeat offenders. The laws and penalties vary by state. Here in California, the state has several different laws surrounding the act of driving under the influence (DUI).

Penalties of DUI

All California laws surrounding DUI basically state that a person should never get behind the wheel of a vehicle while intoxicated. What changes through these various laws is the exact circumstances. If a person is simply caught driving while intoxicated, they will face consequences under Vehicle Code (VC) 23152. If they cause injury to someone else, then they will face charges under VC 23153.

A person can even get into trouble for refusing to provide a breath or blood sample to an officer during a traffic stop. This can be charged under VC 23612.

The penalties for committing DUI vary depending on the crime itself and the driving record of the driver in question. The typical consequences for DUI can include:
  • Informal probation.
  • Max 6 month jail sentence for first offense/ Max 1 year for repeat offenders.
  • Base fines of $390 to $1,000.
  • Suspended or revoked driver’s license.
  • DUI school.
  • Community service.
  • Requirement to attend AA meetings.
  • Vehicle being impounded.
  • Instillation of breathalyzer ignition device on vehicle.
  • Victim restitutions if someone was hurt.
Generally, DUI’s are misdemeanor offenses, unless:
  • Someone was seriously hurt.
  • Someone was killed.
  • This is the driver’s fourth DUI in a 10 year period.
  • This is the driver’s third DUI that harmed someone in a 10 year period.
  • The driver has a prior felony DUI in a 10 year period.
Felony DUI convictions can come with the already mentioned penalties, as well as these increased penalties:
  • Formal probation.
  • Prison sentences, which vary from case to case.
  • Base fines between $390 and $5,000.

DUI for Professional Drivers

The fact that DUI laws apply to all drivers is a given. However, what some people may not know is that this law applies differently to drivers who are for-hire. A for-hire driver being someone who drives a vehicle such as a taxi, bus, Lyft, or Uber.

Normally, drivers are only considered intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08%. However, for-hire drivers are only allowed to have a BAC of 0.04%. If a for-hire driver is caught driving with that level of BAC or hire, they will face DUI charges, which would likely mean a suspension of their driver’s license.

The Dangers of Hungover Driving

Something else that many drivers are not aware of is the fact that driving while hungover can be just as bad as driving while drunk. This fact was discovered by researchers at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Participants of the study had 10 drinks, slept off the alcohol until their BAC was 0%.

The results showed that the drivers were roughly as impaired, if not more so, than a driver with a BAC of 0.05%. The drivers were more prone to speeding, struggled to drive straight, and just generally made more errors.

This is likely due to the results of being dehydrated, having low blood sugar, and not getting enough sleep the night before.

There Is No Reason to Drive Drunk

Driving while intoxicated is never a good idea. Not only is it against the law, it is incredibly dangerous. Drunk driving is the cause of thousands of accidents and deaths every single year in the US alone.

In today’s modern age, there is no reason for any of this. With smartphones, people now have the ability get a safe ride literally in the palm of their hand. A person can easily contact a loved one to come pick them up, or hire a driver of a taxi, Lyft, or Uber. Doing this has never been easier than it is right now. A person can easily save themselves and the lives of people they’ve never met by simply pulling out their phone before ever setting foot in a vehicle.

When Can Officers Search You without a Warrant?

Here in the United States of America, citizens are guaranteed certain rights and protections under the Constitution. The Constitution and its amendments are where most of our rights as citizens are written. Some of them, like the freedom of speech, are pretty well known. Meanwhile there are other rights that aren’t as well known, but are as equally important. A perfect example of this would the Fourth Amendment.

The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizures. This means that police officers, and other government officials, can’t just decide to go through someone’s stuff without very good reason. In order for them to perform a search, they typically need a warrant from a judge. The warrant will give the officers permission to search through whatever it lists.

While typically a warrant is required, there are special instances where a warrant may not be required.
  • The person gives their consent to be searched.
  • The person is being arrested and searched for possible weapons.
  • Inspection searches at borders.
  • The police have probable there is evidence in a vehicle.
  • The incriminating item is in plain view.
  • It is an emergency situation and can prevent physical harm or damage.


In these instances, an officer may not need a warrant to search a person or their property.

Thanks to this law, officers cannot search a person’s personal property, real and digital, without the person’s consent or a warrant. The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution protects citizens and gives them privacy from law enforcement agencies.

Driving with Pets Can Be Distracting

Just about everyone knows that driving while distracted can be a very dangerous practice. One second of not paying attention is all it takes for a driver to find himself in a bad accident. That is why a driver needs to constantly give their full attention to the road while driving.

In order to encourage drivers to remain focused, lawmakers usually enact laws that limit what drivers can do while driving. Some of the basics here in California include:

  • No texting while driving.
  • No talking on the phone while driving.
  • No using other electronic devices while driving.

California laws don’t cover all of the bases when it comes to distracted driving. For instance, eating while driving is not illegal in California, though it is considered to be a type of distracted driving. An Ohio town is taking distracted driving laws a step further in order to protect drivers and their furry companions.

Starting December 20th, drivers in Mantua, Ohio can be ticketed for distracted driving if they have an animal in their lap. The offense will only be a misdemeanor, which means a small fine and no possibility of jail time. However, any ticket price will be more than a driving pet owner really wants to pay.

Distracted driving is not something that any driver should do. Unfortunately, driving with a pet can be very distracting. For their safety, and the safety of the driver, the pet should remain in another section of the vehicle, away from the driver.

This way, they cannot interfere with the driver’s task and inadvertently cause an accident.

If You’re Cold, They’re Cold

As winter begins to grip at the state of California, it is important for all pet owners to pay more attention to the animals in their care. Pretty much everyone has heard of the saying “If you’re cold, they’re cold. Bring them inside.” While this isn’t always accurate depending on the animal in question, it does pay to be more considerate of our furry companions this time of the year.

While animals due tend to have a nice fur coat to keep them warm, that does not mean they are immune to colder temperatures, especially when snow or ice are concerned. Here are a few tips to help you keep your pet safe and healthy this winter.
  • Provide outdoor animals with adequate shelter. Provide them with access to a warm, insulated, and dry shelter to get them out of the cold.
  • When letting dogs out for bathroom breaks, go with them. Once you are cold, bring them in to ensure they don’t get too cold.
  • Dog breeds with shorter hair may need some winter clothes to help keep them warm.
  • Wipe a dogs paws and belly thoroughly when coming inside from snow. This can remove any snow balls and/or road salts. The snowballs can lead to frostbite, while the road salts could get licked up and cause digestive problems.
  • Outdoor cats will seek warm areas when it gets cold, this includes engine compartments on vehicles. Rap on car hoods several times before starting the vehicle to scare them out.
  • Constantly check water bowls for outdoor animals to make sure they aren’t frozen solid.
  • Provide outdoor animals with more food. They will need more calories to stay warm in the colder weather.

Pet owners all care deeply about their furry companions. Follow these tips above in order to keep them healthy and warm this winter.

Don’t Let Road Rage Ruin Your Holiday

The holidays are upon us, and for many people, it is a time of cheer and joy. Unfortunately, those feelings don’t seem to follow us onto the road. Road rage actually seems to be more common during the holidays. This is typically due to the large uptick in drivers shopping around stores or traveling to visit family. More drivers equals more traffic, which inevitably leads to road rage.

If a person is looking to have a calm and relaxing drive this holiday season, then they need to learn to avoid road rage. Luckily, there are a few things that a driver can do to try and help themselves avoid road rage.

  • One of the best ways to avoid road rage is to drive defensively. This means a person drives to the very best of their abilities. They don’t tailgate, speed, or cut people off. They keep a safe distance between themselves and other vehicles all the while being prepared for other drivers to not make good decisions around them.
  • Another simple method is to plan accordingly when driving during the holidays. A driver should account for the extra traffic and give him or herself extra time to get wherever it is they are going. This can help alleviate any possible time crunch, thereby reducing stress that could cause road rage.
  • An often overlooked idea is to choose the right music while driving. Music can drastically affect a person and their emotions. Listening to fast paced music can make a person more energized and aggressive. Experts recommend listening to slower melodies while driving in order to help a driver stay calm.
  • Lastly, a driver just needs to stay calm. People often make mistakes, especially while driving. Getting mad at other drivers can only make things worse. It is better for everyone to just take a few breaths and stay calm.

The holidays are supposed to be a time of happiness and family, don’t let a few grumpy drivers ruin that. Instead, remember to stay calm and follow the tips above to help avoid any additional road rage this holiday season.


How to prevent car break-ins

With the holidays finally here, everyone will be out and about doing a bit of holiday shopping in an attempt to find the perfect gifts for their loved ones. Now, finding the right gift for someone can be difficult, but it is possible. However, hiding a gift can be even more difficult. This is especially true when you live with the person that the gift is for.

Some people get really creative when it comes to hiding their gifts for others. Some of these places may truly be clever, while others really aren’t. A perfect example of a bad hiding spot for presents is leaving it in the car overnight instead of bringing it inside. Doing this can increase the chances of the gift being stolen by a thief. That is something that nobody wants, especially around the holidays.

That’s Not the Best Hiding Spot

Hiding presents from loved ones is always a little bit of an endeavor. Things get even harder if the person has a knack for hunting down hidden gifts. This leads some people to hiding the present in their car where the loved one is less likely to stumble upon it. Sometimes they do this because the person that the present is for is currently inside the house, which makes sneaking the present inside difficult.

Regardless of the reasoning behind deciding to hide a present in the car, even if only temporarily, this is a bad hiding spot. If a passerby were to see the present in the car, they may decide to try their hands at a little theft.

Even if they don’t see the present itself in the vehicle, a would-be thief may target the car for another reason. Maybe they see a purse or a cellphone lying forgotten on a seat. Maybe they simply checked the door and realized that the car was left unlocked. It doesn’t take much to entice a thief into breaking into a vehicle to steal something, and once they are in, they will likely do a thorough search.

The 9 PM Routine

This is one of the many reasons why law enforcement agencies all over the country have begun advertising the idea of the 9 PM Routine. The routine was created by the Pasco County Sherriff’s office in Florida. The intent was to help remind people to lock up each night and prevent crimes from occurring.

Many crimes are crimes of opportunity. They occur because a good opportunity presented itself to a would-be thief. They didn’t necessarily go out planning to rob that person, but when they discovered the car door, or garage door, was left open, they just had to search for anything valuable.

Simply locking all doors, both car and house, a person can greatly reduce the chances of someone robbing them. However, there is a little bit more to the 9 PM Routine. It also involves removing valuables from cars, and turning on exterior lights around the house. Removing valuables from car prevents them from being noticed by a thief. Turning on the lights removes the cover of night that thieves like to use when committing their crimes.

If a person wants to keep themselves and their stuff safe, they should practice participating in the 9 PM Routine each night.

Better Safe Than Sorry

Hiding holiday gifts from loved one’s can be difficult, which is why so many people get very creative with the spots they choose. However, one of the worst spots is in a car overnight. There, the gift becomes an easy target for anyone looking to make a quick score. If a person wants to make sure that their perfect gift for a loved one gets to the intended individual, then they should find a better hiding spot for the present.

Following the 9 PM Routine is also a pretty good idea, as it can keep a person’s stuff safe all year round. By practicing it every single evening, a person can fall into a good habit, and will be much happier than if the chanced it and had their car broken into.

Kidnapping Is Every Parents’ Worst Nightmare

All any parent ever wants is for their child to be happy and safe. They brought this person into the world, and they want to see them succeed. The last thing they want, is for something bad to happen to their precious little one. Many parents have nightmares about worst case scenarios. The parent prays that they never have to face something as bad as their worst fears, and most are lucky enough to get there wish. Unfortunately, not everyone is so lucky.

What is likely the worst fear of every parent, is their child getting kidnapped. This is truly a nightmare scenario where the child is forcibly taken by someone, putting the kid’s safety at risk. They can be abducted for any number of reasons, none of them good. No parents wants to experience that, which is why kidnapping cases, even attempted ones, are taken very seriously here in California.

What Is Kidnapping in California

Kidnapping is an illegal act in California under Penal Codes 207, 208, 209, and 209.5. These laws make it illegal for any person to move another individual a great distance using force or fear without their consent. Once a person has done that, they have committed the crime of kidnapping. They now face felony charges.

Felony charges result in a person facing hefty fines and extended stays in a state prison. To be precise, a person charged with simple kidnapping faces a prison stay of three, five, or eight years. They will also likely face a fine of no more than $10,000.

While kidnapping someone is already a pretty big deal and a terrible thing to do, there are worse forms of kidnapping that can earn a person ever harsher penalties. A person commits aggravated kidnapping when they do one of the following when kidnapping someone:

  • Use force, fear, or fraud to kidnap someone under the age of 14.
  • Demand ransom after kidnapping someone.
  • Injure or kill the victim.
  • Kidnap the person when stealing their car.
  • Violate other laws while kidnapping the victim.

If a person commits aggravated kidnapping, they face harsher penalties than that of simple kidnapping. The severity of the penalties are dependent on facts of the crime. For instance, if the victim was under the age of 14, then the person faces five, eight, or eleven years in prison. If the person demanded ransom or kidnapped the victim for varying sex crimes, they face life in prison with the possibility of parole.

If the kidnapper committed any crimes of a sexual nature, than he or she will have to register for life as a tier 3 sex offender.

Lastly, both forms of kidnapping are considered serious and violent felonies. This means that they fall under California’s three strikes law. This means that if a person commits any type of kidnapping, they will have a strike against them. Anyone convicted of committing a second felony will automatically face twice the prison stay of the felony in question. Anyone who commits a third felony strike will face anywhere from 25 years to life in prison.

What Are Amber Alerts

When children are abducted, and the incident is reported to the local law enforcement agency, an alert is usually sent out across all forms of communication. The alert is sent to all nearby law enforcement agencies, broadcasters, transportation agencies, and wireless services. The goal is to get the information of the case out as quickly as possible in order to make more people aware of going on. Hopefully, once this is done someone will see something that can lead to the child being returned to their rightful place sooner.

Amber stands for America’s Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response and was created in 1996 in response to the kidnapping and murder of 9-year-old Amber Hagerman. Between the program’s creation and December of 2015, over 800 children were successfully rescued and returned home thanks to Amber Alerts.

How to Prevent Kidnappings

Having their child kidnapped is something that no parent should ever have to experience. In order to reduce the likelihood of an abduction occurring, parents should:

  • Continually teach kids about how to be safe online.
  • Set boundaries on where the child can go.
  • Keep a close eye on the child when out in public.
  • Never leave kids alone in cars or strollers, even for just a few seconds.
  • Carefully choose babysitters and nannies.
  • Avoid dressing the kids in clothes that have their names on them, since kids tend to trust adults who know their names.

By following these tips, a parent can reduce the chances of their child ever being taken from them. That way, they never have to deal with the nightmare of trying to find a kidnapped child.

San Jose Bail Bond Store Will Help You Bail Your Loved One Out of Jail Quickly

San Jose Bail Bond Store

Do you want to bail your friend or family member from jail? If so, then you want to use a bail bonds company like San Jose Bail Bond Store. We have been helping our clients bail their loved ones out of jail since our founding in 1987. Let us help you rescue your loved one from jail.

We are a statewide, family-owned bail bonds company that has been helping Californians for nearly 30 years. This has helped us become one of the largest, and most trusted bail bonds company in the state of California. We have some of the best bail agents in the state working for us here.

Our bail agents can help you rescue your loved one out of jail, no matter what situation he or she has gotten into. We train our bail agents year after year in order to keep them at the top of their game. This ensures that our clients will always receive the best bail bonds help that we can offer them.

For a free consultation, click Chat With Us or call 408-883-3907 now.

Our bail agents are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There will always be someone ready and waiting to answer your call or message. They will be able to answer any questions you might have regarding your loved ones arrest and bail. We will keep you up to date on your loved one’s bail throughout the day.

With our expert bail help, your loved one can be out of jail quickly; sometimes in as little as 2 hours, depending on the county where your loved one was arrested. Our agents are available 24/7 and can bail your friend or family member out of any jail or courthouse in the state. You can count on us to be there for you whenever you need us most.

Get your loved one out of jail quickly by calling 408-883-3907 or by clicking Chat With Us now.